CCC at AAAS 2023

The Computing Community Consortium (CCC) has attended and hosted sessions at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting since 2013. Below you can find the upcoming CCC sponsored AAAS sessions for the 2023 AAAS Annual Meeting. To learn more about the event visit the webpage.

Health Equity: How can algorithms and data mitigate, not exacerbate, harms?

Saturday, March 4th, 2:30-4:00 PM EST

Synopsis: AI has tremendous promise to help us proactively identify people at risk and personalized medical interventions, however the actual implementation of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine has suffered from two problems – leaving certain demographics out and overfitting algorithms to possibly harm people. It is essential to ensure that advances enabled by AI in computational medicine will mitigate, and not exacerbate, demographic disparities in healthcare. This panel will recommend best practices for the development of equitable approaches through the pipeline of computational medicine including: data collection; algorithm development, evaluation, and deployment; and intervention and mitigation efforts from molecular to clinical approaches. We will discuss how it is essential to include diverse racial and other demographic information in datasets, and how algorithms must be both cognizant of racism and not perpetuate racial bias in algorithm development. The panel will explain how racial bias in algorithms and exclusion of racial data in molecular, diagnostic and clinical studies led to inadequate treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic and for chronic health conditions such as kidney disease. More generally, we discuss paths forward to use algorithms to improve health and mitigate societal inequities.

Speakers:

Amaka Eneanya

University of Pennsylvania

Presentation Title: Lessons Learned from Using Race to Diagnose and Manage Kidney Disease

This talk will review the root cause of racial disparities in health outcomes including the impact of structural racism and discrimination on kidney disease. Additionally, this talk will feature the story of race and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) equations, how they came into practice, and the pitfalls associated with their use.

Melanie Moses headshotMelanie Moses

University of New Mexico

Presentation Title: When Algorithms Interact: how medical algorithms affect social outcomes

Algorithms make life-altering decisions in criminal justice, employment and finance; these systems interact with medical algorithms. Medical algorithms determined whether prisoners were sufficiently vulnerable to COVID-19 to be released. Other algorithms mistakenly equated medical spending with medical need, denying care to African American patients. This talk highlights how algorithms interact in complex ways and how bias mitigation in other domains suggests a path forward for medicine.

Mona Singh headshotMona Singh

Princeton University

Presentation Title: Equitable Machine Learning in Genome Medicine: challenges and opportunities

Genomics holds great promise to deliver personalized treatments in the clinic, especially in the cancer context. However, existing genomic and functional datasets do not have an adequate number of samples for diverse racial and ethnic groups.  We will overview the difficulties in detecting whether machine learning methods trained on these genomic data are performing equitably, highlight possible machine learning solutions, and propose algorithmic strategies to prioritize data collection to mitigate inequities.

Moderator:

Katie Siek

Indiana University

Sustaining Computing Research Communities in a Hybrid World

Saturday, March 4th, 2:30-3:30 PM EDT

Synopsis: We are living in a hybrid world, which impacts our technical research communities in different ways – some that are predictable and others not so much. Remote work and virtual conference participation has become an integral part of our lives; one that is here to stay. COVID brought an explosion of remote work technologies from video platforms and conferencing systems to robotics. We can all agree that there are trade-offs between in-person and virtual events. While in-person events offer companionship and networking opportunities, virtual events save money, time, may be more climate friendly and provide greater accessibility to participants. We must capitalize on the benefits, minimize the deficiencies and integrate hybrid aspects into a new successful, optimal path forward. This panel will debate the negative and positive aspects of in-person vs. virtual participation, identify areas for technological improvement, and explore hybrid solutions to serve our research communities

Speakers:

Brent Hecht

Microsoft Research

Presentation Title: Navigating the Complexity and Heterogeneity of the Conference Design Problem

As scientists, it is critical that we take a structured, empirical approach to designing our conferences. This is especially the case given the complexity and heterogeneity of many of the most important variables involved, e.g. innovation, collaboration networks, and career outcomes. I’ll review some of the limited empirical data we have so far about the costs and benefits of in-person conferences and suggest important directions for future work.

Richard Ladner

University of Washington

Presentation Title: The Challenge of Making Hybrid Meetings Accessible

An accessible hybrid meeting would be one that persons with disabilities could attend and enjoy either in person or online.  Some accessibility needs are the same whether in person or online such as sign language interpreters or captioning access.  Other accessibility needs are more specific for in  person attendance such as wheelchair accessibility to the venue.  Adequate planning and funding are needed to make a hybrid meeting accessible for the variety of accessibility needs.

Cristina Videira Lopes

University of California, Irvine

Presentation Title: Hybrid Conferences and Climate Change

Research communities like ours have depended on in-person international conferences for the advancement of science and technology. However, the travel that is required contributes to greenhouse gas emissions, which in part cause climate change. As responsible earthlings, we must find better ways to have scientific discourse that is effective as well as climate friendly. This talk will touch upon the technological and non-technological challenges of building effective immersive hybrid spaces.

Moderator:
Sujata Banerjee

VMware Research

Emerging Election Technologies Enhancing Integrity, Transparency, and Confidence

Friday, March 3rd, 2:30-3:30 PM EDT

Synopsis: The integrity of democratic elections has been called into question in recent years both within and outside of the U.S.  Electoral systems currently in widespread public use give voters little if any direct evidence that the announced tallies accurately reflect the votes that were cast.  This panel will discuss emerging technologies that enhance transparency of elections by providing substantive evidence and which thereby improve integrity and confidence.

Specifically, panelists will discuss risk-limiting audits – which allow efficient matching of announced tallies with physical ballots – and end-to-end verifiability – which allows voters to confirm that their votes have been accurately recorded and counted without compromising voter privacy.  These technologies do not require trust in software, hardware, or even personnel and are starting to be used in elections to provide direct public evidence of the accuracy of election results

Speakers:

Josh Benaloh

Microsoft Research

Presentation Title: Emerging Election Technologies Enhancing Integrity, Transparency, and Confidence

Josh Benaloh is a leading expert and innovator in end-to-end verifiable election technologies.  He will offer the audience an introduction to what they achieve, how they work, and where they stand on the road to widespread deployment.

Philip B. Stark

University of California, Berkeley

Presentation Title: Emerging Election Technologies Enhancing Integrity, Transparency, and Confidence

Philip Stark is the primary inventor of risk-limiting audits.  This technology provides solid public evidence that the announced winners of an election are consistent with the record of paper ballots cast by voters.  The use of this technology has grown widely in recent years and is now required by statute in several states.

Poorvi L. Vora

The George Washington University

Presentation Title: Emerging Election Technologies Enhancing Integrity, Transparency, and Confidence

Poorvi Vora has done extensive original research in both end-to-end verifiability and risk-limiting audits.  She has been involved in public deployments as early as 2009 and will offer her unique perspective on the challenges and successes in bringing these technologies from research to practice.

Moderator:

Elizabeth Howard

Brennan Center of Justice

Organizer:

Josh Benaloh

Microsoft Research

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Maintaining a Rich Breadth for Artificial Intelligence

Sunday, March 5th, 1:00-2:00 PM EDT

Synopsis: AI is receiving a lot of attention lately, and most of this attention seems to be focused on one small (but important) subarea of AI, deep learning. In order to succeed, the many dimensions of diversity must be reflected in AI research. We do not just mean diversity of people, but also diversity of ideas, theories, methods, projects, evaluation systems, and more. This panel brings together a group of AI experts to discuss the downsides of this “monoculture.”

The current peer and merit review practices are not designed to foster transformational ideas and innovation. The review processes in place tend to reward siloing into intellectual comfort zones among like-minded groups that gravitate to similar ways of thinking. Neural networks and deep learning have catalyzed AI research over the last few years, shadowing other areas of research within AI.  We will miss the boat on the next transformations in AI if we continue to reward short-term results rather than longer-term exploration.  The rise and dominance of industry-led research groups in publication venues is a symptom that academic research is stagnating and there is no space for innovative and bold ideas to grow. To create systems that address national and global needs,  we need to bring diversity back into AI research.

Speakers:

Bo Li

University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign

Presentation Title: Deep Learning, Potential Trustworthiness Issues, and Beyond

Advances in AI, especially deep learning (DL), led to the rapid, widespread deployment of AI in real-world applications. However, recent studies show that DL based models are vulnerable to adversarial manipulations, can leak private training information, and may lead to issues of fairness or trustworthiness. Here I will discuss some trustworthiness problems in deep learning, and their fundamental underlying connections, to help initiate the discussion for potential future directions of AI.

Melanie Mitchell

Santa Fe Institute

Presentation Title: AI Beyond Deep Learning

While deep learning (DL) has produced remarkable progress in computer vision, natural language processing, and other areas, AI remains lacking in many abilities that are core to human intelligence, including conceptual abstraction, analogy, causal reasoning, and general “common sense”. In this presentation I will discuss why such abilities are challenging for methods that rely solely on statistics over large data corpora, and speculate on new AI approaches that might yield progress.

David Danks

University of California, San Diego

Presentation Title: Letting a Thousand AIs Bloom

“Let a thousand flowers bloom”, is a precaution against overly rapid consensus formation and blind spots in science. I will explore the benefits and drawbacks of relative homogeneity vs. heterogeneity in terms of the theories and methods used in a scientific community. I will argue that it is possible to achieve the right amount of heterogeneity and that AI research is not currently hitting this mark. I will conclude by suggesting ways to increase the heterogeneity of AI methods and theories.

Moderator:
Maria Gini

University of Minnesota

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Surveillance, Assistance, or Hinderance? Technology for Older Adults Caregiving

Friday, March 3rd, 1:00-2:00 PM EDT

Synopsis: In the last decade, the number of older adults in the US has increased by 36%. The Biden-⁠Harris Administration has acknowledged the needs of older adults and caregiving in the American Rescue Plan for Older Americans Act.  Technology has the opportunity to assist older adults as they age in place, coordinate caregiving resources, and assist remote caregivers in providing aid to older loved ones. Indeed, industry has attempted to create smart home technologies with older adults as a target user group, however these solutions are often more focused on the technical aspects and are short lived. The speakers will discuss issues older adults and informal caregivers face when using technology for caregiving activities. They will address how older adults sometimes feel like caregiving technologies are more surveillance oriented and how technology can be designed without losing one’s autonomy. Conversely, caregivers are overwhelmed with updates and action items to respond to from their everyday life responsibilities and caregiving. The panel will provide insights into how technology can be used to facilitate connections between resources and lower the burden of connecting with these resources to improve caregiving and older adult autonomy. 

Speakers:

George Demiris

University of Pennsylvania

Presentation Title: Smart Home Solutions for Aging: Emerging Opportunities for Inclusive Design

The proliferation of pervasive computing has led to smart home solutions to support older adults and family caregivers. We present ongoing projects that focus on mobility, fall risk and social isolation, to showcase opportunities for personalized care, and challenges such as caregiver burden and privacy concerns. Technology may exacerbate existing inequities especially for those with functional limitations and limited digital literacy. We present inclusive design recommendations for smart homes.

Robin Brewer

University of Michigan

Presentation Title: Technologies to Engage Informal Caregivers in Scaffolded Care Conversations

One in five adults informally provide care for a loved one. Informal caregivers, people who are not paid for caregiving, struggle to coordinate care. Older adults who receive care are left out of decisions about their own care. We discuss how technologies can be designed with the caregiver and the older adult care receiver to ensure everyone has a voice. We show how technology can facilitate scaffolded conversations to identify the care needed for all stakeholders – including caregivers.

Anne Turner

University of Washington

Presentation Title: Emotional Dimensions of Receiving Care for Older Adults, Individuals With Dementia

Caregiving technologies are often designed to provide social support to older adults, whether by connecting them to family members or providing companionship through the technologies themselves. This talk will present findings related to emotional dimensions of these social technologies, such as the fear of intrusive decision-making for people with mild dementia and low-level attachments to voice assistants and other smart home devices.

Moderator:

Katie Siek

Indiana University

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Improving Mental Health and Supporting Self-regulation with Technology

Saturday, March 4th, 11:30-12:30 PM EDT

Synopsis: Problems with self-regulation of intrusive thoughts, anxiety, fear, panic, and other physiologic, emotional, social, and cognitive challenges are reaching pandemic levels in the US, across the age, ability, and demographic span.  The COVID-19 pandemic has drastically exacerbated the situation, resulting in a pervasive lack of access and availability of mental health professionals.  The research community has the opportunity to leverage the latest advances in sensing, speech and natural language processing, machine learning, wearable technologies, and mobile technologies to develop tools and methods that will lead toward products that can help users to detect dangerous physiologic states and train self-regulation in order to cope with such states.  This panel will bring together experts in human-computer interaction, wearable sensors, affective computing, and socially assistive robotics to review relevant recent research developments and outstanding challenges and opportunities.  The outcomes of this panel will include an understanding of the state-of-the-art in relevant research areas and major research challenges in the way of developing systems for supporting self-regulation and improved mental health.

Speakers:

Tanzeem Choudhury

Cornell Tech/Optum Labs

Presentation Title: Sensory Intervention: Real-time integration of passive sensing and interventions

The proliferation of mobile and IoT devices and the development of passive sensing methods have revolutionized the way we collect information about people’s lives. Although much attention has been paid to the role of passive methods of data collection and analysis, another essential component has not received the same level: passive interventions. I will present our work around sensory interventions which deliver seamless passive interventions in real-time in response to users’ behavioral state.

Mary Czerwinski

Microsoft Research

Presentation Title: Translating Evidence-Based Psychotherapies to Technology-Delivered Interventions

Mobile mental health interventions have the potential to reduce barriers and increase engagement in psychotherapy. However, most current tools fail to meet evidence-based principles. We describe data-driven design implications for translating evidence-based interventions into mobile apps, using data from a month-long field study of an app designed to support dialectical behavioral therapy, a psychotherapy that aims to teach concrete coping skills to help people better manage their mental health. 

Maja Matarić

University of Southern California

Presentation Title: Socially Assistive Robotics for Supporting Mental Health 

Socially assistive robotics (SAR) has been demonstrated to have great promise for supporting a range of user populations, from children with autism to elderly users with dementia, and use cases, from training social skills to forming healthy habits. Combined with machine learning and affective computing, SAR has the promise to provide in-the-moment support for emotion regulation as well as daily training of coping skills for users across the age and ability spectrum.

Moderator:

Holly Yanco headshot

Holly Yanco

University of Massachusetts Lowell