CCC at AAAS 2022
The Computing Community Consortium (CCC) has attended and hosted sessions at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting since 2013. To learn more about the 2022 AAAS Meeting visit the webpage.
Friday, February 18th, 1:00 – 1:45 PM ET
Synopsis: Robotics empowers people by increasing productivity, which drives prosperity. However, the public perception is that robots will take jobs away from humans and that robots will take control of the world. The speakers will address this misconception and provide data that show how increases in investments in robotics produce new jobs. Those new jobs are not only for the maintenance of the robots, but for their design, manufacture, and development of novel applications. The jobs will require novel technical skills and make the work available to humans more creative and rewarding than the jobs displaced by the robots while increasing the safety of the workers. Many areas of the economy already rely on robots, but there are new opportunities. In addition to manufacturing, e-commerce relies extensively on robots to handle warehouses and distribution centers. Agriculture is relying on robots to increase productivity and reduce food cost. Improving the quality of life for the aging population is a major societal need, where robots can provide support and companionship to people who live alone and have no access to other social interactions.
Friday, February 18th, 2:00 – 2:45 PM ET
Synopsis: It is increasingly evident that the United States must make major investments to renew and enhance rural and urban infrastructures for economic competitiveness, resilience to natural disasters, sustainability, and social justice goals. Since infrastructure investments have very long lifetimes, the choices made today are critical for the future. Beyond the more traditional forms of physical infrastructure, intelligent infrastructure is the embedding of sensing, computing, and communications capabilities into projects such as roads, buildings, and bridges, along with a wide range of techniques to assemble and analyze the data produced to make it useful. Intelligence embedded in infrastructure not only provides greater efficiencies and significant cost savings, it can also serve as the foundation for achieving resiliency, equity, and prosperity for rural and disadvantaged urban communities. However, there are risks such as increased surveillance. Thus, research is still needed in computing and other related disciplines to move toward realizing these goals. This scientific session will provide overviews of several compelling opportunities. These include new transportation planning processes and policies aimed toward resilient and sustainable urban transportation systems; modernizing the U.S. physical assets from both the public and private sectors; and convergent cyber-physical systems that address multiple critical societal issues.
Sunday, February 20th, 2:00 – 2:45 PM ET
Synopsis: The increased prevalence of disinformation and conspiracy theories in society poses a challenge to policymakers, institutions, scientists, and the United States’ ability to respond to grand challenges like the COVID-19 pandemic. When public trust in institutions is low, countering disinformation with facts can often fail. As a follow-on to the successful scientific session “Detecting, Combating, and Identifying Dis- and Mis-information” at the 2020 AAAS Annual Meeting, this session will explore the roles stories and narrative framing play in both propagating and countering disinformation, and how technological solutions must be coupled with sociological interventions to effectively address the issue. This session brings together experts from computer science, social science, industry, and government to discuss why some groups have proven so resistant to fact-based arguments and continue to adhere to provably false beliefs, and how to penetrate that resistance to communicate accurate information.
Sunday, February 20th, 3:00 – 3:45 PM ET
Synopsis: The future is in the partnerships people form with machines. Since the mid-20th century, machine intelligence has started to match or better human intelligence. People are no longer equal partners with technology. The human has been moved out of the driver’s seat and out of the cockpit, trusting technology to follow instructions while advising and protecting. The driverless car is so compelling that companies, governments, and societies are rushing to create new partnerships despite the inability to answer the simplest yet most important of questions, such as “is it safe?” With assured autonomy, so that every car, truck, ship, and aircraft was fully autonomous, the transportation industry could be transformed by making it more capable and resilient to disruptions. However, public policy, legislation, and regulation are lagging. COVID-19 has changed decision calculus about the importance of autonomous systems, but autonomy requires assurances. Appropriate assurances for future autonomous systems require a common ground in the crossing of multiple disciplines including but not limited to engineering, computer science, artificial intelligence, human factors, communication, cognitive science, business, law, ethics, and public policy. The proposed session will reflect on the future of autonomy and the role of assured autonomy in realizing the socioeconomic-technological opportunities and coping with the associated challenges.