Workshop Reports

The reports below are the outcomes of the CCCs visioning activities.

  • Cyber Security for Manufacturers Workshop

    March 14, 2017

    On March 14-15, 2017 MForesight: The Alliance for Manufacturing Foresight, in collaboration with the Computing Community Consortium (CCC), will convene a workshop to address cyber-physical security challenges faced by U.S. manufacturers of all sizes.

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  • Discovery and Innovation in Smart and Pervasive Health

    December 5, 2016

    There is a desire to update the strategic research priorities informing investments in Smart Health research. Workshops in 2009 and 2012, partially hosted by the CCC, resulted in two white papers that informed programs such as the joint NSF and NIH Smart and Connected Health research program.

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  • Nanotechnology-Inspired Information Processing Systems of the Future

    August 31, 2016

    Traditionally, computing systems have relied on scaling of transistor feature sizes for enhancing energy efficiency, throughput, performance, functional density, and most importantly cost (per component). Unfortunately the benefits gained from further scaling are greatly reduced. Future computing systems need to overcome the fundamental efficiency‐robustness barrier in order to continue to have societal‐scale impact. A key requirement is to envision this future as a convergence of three domains – emerging applications, alternative computational models and architectures, and beyond CMOS nanofabrics. A compelling vision of future computing systems would be one where the application level metrics are accounted for during design, where statistical, hysteretic, and other attributes of nanoscale fabrics could be exploited for designing computational primitives such as nanofunctions required by these applications, and where alternative models for computing could be leveraged to design systems meeting application‐level requirements. Achieving this vision calls for a journey from systems‐to‐nanofabrics and back.

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  • Cyber-Social Learning Systems Workshop 1

    August 29, 2016

    Over the last decade, we have made enormous progress establishing scientific and engineering principles for cyber-physical systems (CPS). The next major frontier in science and engineering research and development, is the integration of cyber-physical with human and social systems and phenomena at all scales. Closing the loop from sensing to performance at all scales will give rise to cyber-social learning systems. This is part of a workshop series – view the series page.

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  • Artificial Intelligence For Social Good

    June 7, 2016

    There has been a dramatically increasing interest in Artificial Intelligence (AI) in recent years. AI has been successfully applied to societal challenge problems and it has a great potential to provide tremendous social good in the future. In this workshop, we will discuss the successful deployments and the potential use of AI in various topics that are essential for social good, including but not limited to urban computing, health, environmental sustainability and social welfare/disadvantaged segments of society.

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  • Computer-Aided Personalized Education

    November 12, 2015

    The demand for education in STEM fields is exploding, and universities and colleges are straining to satisfy this demand. In the case of Computer Science, for example, the number of US students enrolled in introductory courses has grown three-fold in the past decade.

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  • Promoting Strategic Research on Inclusive Access to Rich Online Content and Services

    September 24, 2015

    This workshop will address challenges and opportunities surrounding access to online content and services, including rich, non-text content. Consumers are increasingly relying on online information for guidance on matters of health, education, and other important topics. Our ability to provide online access for consumers generally, including people with disabilities, must keep pace.

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  • Privacy by Design – Engineering Privacy

    August 31, 2015

    This workshop will survey emerging challenges in engineering privacy from applications of cryptographic protocols and privacy-preserving databases, to formal notations and programming languages in identity management, de-identification, and software specification. This survey will review known challenges, such as understanding privacy policies (e.g., privacy laws in regulated sectors like healthcare and finance; privacy promises in self-regulated sectors like Web services) in computational terms so that tools can be developed to help with their enforcement, which includes conflicts introduced by cross-references from one legal text to another, difficulties reflecting use based models, modeling business process’ compliance with the law; and policy weaknesses exposed by computer scientists that limit the utility of translation for privacy protection (e.g., the atomic view of information types that ignores statistical correlations leading to weak de-identification requirements and ineffective approaches to privacy-preserving big data analytics).

    This is part of a series of workshops - view the series page.

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  • Theoretical Foundations for Social Computing

    June 29, 2015

    Social computing encompasses the mechanisms through which people interact with computational systems---for instance, crowdsourcing platforms, ranking and recommendation systems, online prediction markets, or collaboratively edited wikis. Social computing is blossoming into a rich research area of its own, with contributions from diverse disciplines spanning computer science, economics, sociology, systems research, and HCI, to name just a few.

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  • Privacy by Design – Privacy Enabling Design

    May 7, 2015

    This workshop covered the latest research results in user interface design, usability and human factors including studies of user behavior and recent findings in privacy displays, nudging, privacy preference modeling, to name a few. While regulators attempt to drive privacy-by-design, there is little evidence that the class of professionals who consider themselves designers are engaged in the conversation. Workshops at CHI, and SOUPS continue to generate interesting research and spark conversation, however our efforts to identify designers in industrial innovators who are fluent in privacy—in any form—has come up relatively empty. Surely privacy, like other human values, is a source of norms and expectations that influences how designers approach their work, however, we do not have a good sense of how they approach it, whether they use distinct methodologies or tools to do so, and what concepts guide their inquiries.

    This is part of a series of workshops - view the series page.

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  • Privacy by Design – State of Research and Practice

    February 5, 2015

    Regulators, academics and industry have called for privacy-by-design as a way to address growing privacy concerns with rapidly developing technology. The public and private sector are responding — hiring privacy engineers to join the ranks of privacy-oriented professionals, often working under the guidance of a chief privacy officer. Yet, implementing concepts of privacy through design is an open challenge and research area. There is a limited, disparate, and fragmented body of research affirmatively positioned as privacy-by-design. The first workshop of the series, highlighting the key insights, questions, themes, disagreements, and further barriers to actionable progress.

    This is part of a series of workshops - view the series page.

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  • Brain Workshop

    December 3, 2014

    Computer science and brain science share deep intellectual roots – after all, computer science sprang out Alan Turing’s musings about the brain in the spring of 1936. Today, understanding the structure and function of the human brain is one of the greatest scientific challenges of our generation.

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  • Uncertainty in Computation Workshop

    October 15, 2014

    Modern science, technology, and politics are all permeated by data that comes from people, measurements, or computational processes. However, data is often incomplete, corrupt, or lacking in sufficient accuracy and precision. While concern for these uncertainties would seem essential to rational decision making, explicit consideration of uncertainty is rarely part of the computational and decision making pipeline. Now is the appropriate time to hold a discussion about future research directions related to the modeling of uncertainty in computations and the ways in which the uncertainty inherent in many computational processes can be communicated to those tasked with making decisions based on such data.

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  • Aging In Place

    September 10, 2014

    This workshop will bring together needed interdisciplinary expertise, assess the state of the science at the human, medical, and technology levels, and articulate a research vision for a systems engineering approach to the development of technologies and solutions to support the home management of persons with significant chronic diseases and their family care providers.

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  • Human Computation Roadmap Summit

    June 18, 2014

    Human Computation entails the design and analysis of information processing systems in which humans participate as computational elements. This visioning activity seeks community input to map a path from interdisciplinary research to human computation applications with the greatest societal benefit and impact.

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  • CRA/CCC Workshop on Extreme Scale Design Automation

    February 21, 2014

    Design automation tools have been an enabling force in the computing revolution. Beginning in the 1970s, rapid advances have allowed semiconductor chips to evolve from a handful of transistors to modern processors and systems with billions devices.

    This is part of a series of workshops - view the series page.

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  • Robotics, Manufacturing, and Computing

    October 21, 2013

    The National Science Foundation, Robotics-VO, Computing Community Consortium, and The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy held a workshop on October 21, 2013 to identify opportunities, challenges, and avenues in manufacturing, robotics, and computing.

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  • Multidisciplinary Research for Online Education Workshop

    February 11, 2013

    Participants explored computer science and multidisciplinary research agendas designed to improve formal and informal education. The workshop built on CCC’s earlier visioning activities on Global Resources for Online Education (GROE), addressing education-relevant research in areas such as intelligent student modeling through data mining, mobile computing for data logging, social networking, serious games, intelligent learning environments, HCI to facilitate educational interactions, computer-supported collaborative learning, interactive visualizations and simulations, and many other areas, to include research at the interface of computing and the social/behavioral sciences. While the workshop built on a rich existing landscape of cyber-enabled education research, it was also informed by very recent developments, such as massively open online courses (MOOCs), that make important dimensions of scale and openness explicit.

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  • Convergence of Software Assurance Methodologies and Trustworthy Semiconductor Design and Manufacture (SA+TS)

    January 15, 2013

    Ensuring that a computer chip or other semiconductor-based component does exactly what it the customer wants it to do—nothing else—is becoming more challenging. Feature sizes continue to shrink and are measured in nanometers, circuits are more complex, and design and manufacture involves a supply chain, typically comprising many businesses worldwide.

    Participation in the one-and-a-half day workshop was by invitation only. The output will be a report outlining the problems and areas of research that have the potential to lead to solutions.

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  • Computing and Healthcare: New Opportunities and Directions

    October 11, 2012

    The opportunity for innovation is enhanced by the increasing availability of health data, the drop in cost and ubiquity of powerful, networked sensors and computing devices, and the increasing competency of methods and algorithms for analyzing data to provide insights, diagnoses, predictions, and recommendations.

    This is part of a series of workshops on Health IT - view the series page.

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  • Spatial Computing Workshop

    September 10, 2012

    Spatial Computing is a set of ideas and technologies that will transform our lives by understanding the physical world, knowing and communicating our relation to places in that world, and navigating through those places.

    This one-and-a-half-day NSF/CCC sponsored visioning workshop on Spatial Computing outlined an effort to develop and promote a unified agenda for Spatial Computing research and development across US agencies, industries, and universities.

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  • Computing for Disaster Management Workshop

    June 25, 2012

    New research in computing technology can advance emergency response and recovery, while also driving forward the computer science and engineering fields.

    This one-and-a-half-day National Science Foundation (NSF)/Computing Community Consortium (CCC) co-sponsored visioning workshop on computing for disaster management identified ways in which fundamental computing research in the broadest terms can advance the field of emergency response and recovery.

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  • Advancing Computer Workshops on Advancing Computer Architecture Research (ACAR) II

    September 20, 2010

    Discontinuity-inducing trends (e.g., the arrival of multi/many-cores, the reduced reliability of semiconductors, and the ever-presence of power constraints) are transforming the field of computer architecture. Momentous changes should be expected in all domains, including portable clients, home and business computing, and datacenter/petascale computing.

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  • Advancing Computer Workshops on Advancing Computer Architecture Research (ACAR) I

    February 22, 2010

    Discontinuity-inducing trends (e.g., the arrival of multi/many-cores, the reduced reliability of semiconductors, and the ever-presence of power constraints) are transforming the field of computer architecture. Momentous changes should be expected in all domains, including portable clients, home and business computing, and datacenter/petascale computing.

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  • Global Development Workshop

    August 1, 2009

    Approximately fifty participants gathered in Berkeley to discuss the future of Computer Science research supporting global socioeconomic development. Over a rich two days of discussion, deliberation and decision-making, we arrived at major decisions, identified contentious points for further discussion, and decided on next steps for the community.

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  • Workshop: Future of Educational Technology

    April 23, 2009

    All activities within walking distance in downtown Tempe, AZ. Meetings held at the ASU School of Engineering and Informatics; three working lunches served in the meeting rooms; two group dinners arranged at nearby local restaurants; participants stayed at the nearby Mission Palms Hotel.

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  • Network Design and Societal Values

    September 24, 2008

    Digital electronic networks have emerged as one of the most powerful and exciting technologies of the late 20th and early 21st centuries, embodying and promoting wide ranging societal and individual aspirations to create, produce, communicate, buy, sell, organize, connect, associate, educate, learn, entertain, campaign, and collaborate on a local, community, national, and global scale.

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  • Network Design in the NetSE Context

    August 17, 2008

    The meeting was organized around five sessions on Architecture, Adaptability, Accessibility, Accountability and Edge/Enterprise Networks. Each session consisted of 1-2 talks of 15 minutes, followed by discussion.

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  • Behavior, Computation, and Networks in Human Subject Experimentation

    July 31, 2008

    The fundamental premise of the workshop is that the computer science, economics, game theory and sociology communities have been engaged for some time now in healthy and vibrant interaction on theoretical topics, and that the natural and most important next frontier is to introduce a behavioral and experimental component to this exchange.

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  • Theory of Networked Computation

    June 11, 2008

    The increasing prominence of the Internet, the Web, and large data-networks in general has profoundly affected social and commercial activity. It has also wrought one of the most profound shifts in Computer Science since its inception.

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  • Theoretical Computer Science Workshop

    May 17, 2008

    The goals of the visioning workshop were to identify broad research themes within theoretical computer science (TCS) that have potential for a major impact in the future and to distill these research directions into compelling "nuggets" that can quickly convey their importance to a layperson.

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  • Cyber-Physical Systems Summit

    April 24, 2008

    Lead for effort: Jack Stankovic (University of Virginia) CCC Council Liaison for this effort: Anita Jones (University of Virginia)

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  • Privacy by Design – Privacy Enabling Design

    May 2015

    While regulators attempt to drive privacy-by-design, there is little evidence that the class of professionals who consider themselves designers are engaged in the conversation.

  • Human Computation

    June 2014

    The Web has made it possible to harness human cognition en masse to achieve new capabilities. Some of these successes are well known; for example Wikipedia has become the go-to place for basic information on all things; Duolingo engages millions of people in real-life translation of text, while simultaneously teaching them to speak foreign languages; and it has enabled public-driven scientific discoveries by recasting complex biomedical challenges into popular online puzzle games. These and other early successes hint at the tremendous potential for future crowd-powered capabilities for the benefit of health, education, science, and society. In the process, a new field called Human Computation has emerged to better understand,replicate, and improve upon these successes through scientific research.

  • Extreme Scale Design Automation (ESDA)

    February 2014

    Integrated circuits and electronic systems, as well as design technologies, are evolving at a great rate—both quantitatively and qualitatively. Major developments include new interconnects and switching devices with atomic-scale uncertainty, the depth and scale of on-chip integration, electronic system-level integration, the increasing significance of software, as well as more effective means of design entry, compilation, algorithmic optimization, numerical simulation, pre- and post-silicon design validation, and chip test. Application targets and key markets are also shifting substantially from desktop CPUs to mobile platforms to an Internet-of-Things infrastructure. In light of these changes in electronic design contexts and given EDA’s significant dependence on such context, the EDA community must adapt to these changes and focus on the opportunities for research and commercial success. The CCC workshop series on Extreme-Scale Design Automation, organized with the support of ACM SIGDA, studied challenges faced by the EDA community as well as new and exciting opportunities currently available. This document represents a summary of the findings from these meetings.

  • Aging in Place

    September, 2014

    As baby boomers age, the nation’s elderly population continues to grow. A majority of these individuals will continue to live in their own home. Meeting this societal need requires a new generation of research that addresses the complexity of supporting the quality of life and independence of a vast, diverse and aging population. New technologies could potentially allow older adults and people with disabilities to remain in their homes longer, reduce health care costs, enhance their quality of life, and provide needed support to independent caregivers.

  • Online Education

    February 2013

    An explosion of public and academic interest in online education accompanied the early high-profile offerings of massively open online courses (MOOCs) in 2011 and 2012 by some of the country’s leading education and research institutions, as well as by non-profits, companies and other content providers. This surge has particularly focused on undergraduate education, but is occurring in the context of a long-standing online education landscape of research and practice for K-12 education, lifelong learning, as well as higher education.

  • SA+TS

    January 2013

    Virtually all aspects of our lives are touched by semiconductor technology and the integrated circuits that enable our ‘smart’ and networked world. Yet the same trends that enable more powerful and functional devices and systems also increase certain risks that may compromise their trustworthiness and security. In addition, counterfeit parts and malicious attacks for economic or political gain are a growing threat, especially to government and critical infrastructure systems. The convergence of these trends makes it imperative that government and industry invest in the science and engineering that will strengthen the trustworthiness and security of semiconductors and provide a hardware foundation of trust.

  • Computing and Health

    October 2012

    Transformative innovations in health and healthcare will require deep collaborations between health and computing researchers to harness increasing availability of health data, the ubiquity of powerful, networked sensors and computing devices, and the increasing competency of methods and algorithms for analyzing data to provide insights, diagnoses, predictions, and recommendations.

  • Spatial Computing

    September 2012

    This document is a direct outcome of the Computing Community Consortium (CCC) visioning workshop From GPS and Virtual Globes to Spatial Computing-2020, held at the National Academies’ Keck Center, September 10th-11th, 2012. It was created in response to the need to arrive at a convergence of interdisciplinary developments across geography, computer science, cognitive science, environmental science, etc. The workshop sought to promote a unified agenda for spatial computing research and development across U.S. agencies, industries (e.g., IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, Google, AT&T, Garmin, ESRI, UPS, Rockwell, Lockheed Martin, Navteq, etc.), and universities.

  • CRICIS: Critical Real-time Computing and Information Systems

    June 2012

    We propose a new research area – Computing for Disasters – that has the potential to revolutionize our nation’s preparedness and resilience in the face of future disasters by adopting a computational perspective to fundamental scientific, engineering and social barriers in disaster management.

  • The Role of Information Sciences and Engineering (RISES)

    February 2011

    Fundamental research in computer and information science and engineering (CISE) has led to technology that has transformed our modern world. Our ability to communicate with others, to access information, to benefit from modern medical care, to protect our nation’s security, to improve and enhance classroom education, etc., stems from investments in CISE research over the past 60 years.

  • Advancing Computer Architecture Research: Popular Parallel Programming (ACAR) I

    September 2010

    On August 1-2, 2009, approximately fifty participants gathered in Berkeley to discuss the future of Computer Science research supporting global socioeconomic development. Over a rich two days of discussion, deliberation and decision-making, we arrived at some major decisions, identified contentious points for further discussion, and decided on next steps for the community. These outcomes are summarized in this document.

  • Advancing Computer Workshops on Advancing Computer Architecture Research (ACAR) II

    September 2010

    Discontinuity-inducing trends (e.g., the arrival of multi/many-cores, the reduced reliability of semiconductors, and the ever-presence of power constraints) are transforming the field of computer architecture. Momentous changes should be expected in all domains, including portable clients, home and business computing, and datacenter/petascale computing.

  • Global Development

    August 2009

    On August 1-2, 2009, approximately fifty participants gathered in Berkeley to discuss the future of Computer Science research supporting global socioeconomic development. Over a rich two days of discussion, deliberation and decision-making, we arrived at some major decisions, identified contentious points for further discussion, and decided on next steps for the community. These outcomes are summarized in this document.

  • A Roadmap for Education Technology

    2009

    This report describes the initial findings of several workshops convened in 2009 to consider the future of education and in particular the role of technology and computer science in education. Through a series of facilitated collaborative workshops, leaders in several disciplines engaged in conversations that cast computers in the role of facilitating education in the future and recommended a research agenda for federal funding.

  • Open Source Systems

    November 2010

    Open source systems are beginning to appear in many diverse disciplines, though perhaps the area with the highest level of activity, visibility, and impact is free/open source software (FOSS) systems. FOSS systems are being researched and developed by fast growing communities of academic and industrial practitioners in different disciplines. However, FOSS systems are much more than just source code, or software applications; they are better understood as packages of interrelated social and technical resources that interact and overlap, and that can occasionally give rise to profound consequences. This report addresses and elaborates on the nature of FOSS systems in order to identify the questions and problems that will guide research in this domain over
    the next five to ten years.

  • Cyber-Physical Systems

    April 2008

    The Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS) Summit was held in St. Louis, Missouri on Thursday, April 24 and Friday, April 25, 2008, at the end of the first CPS Week multi-conference. Over 80 participants came to the CPS Summit to discuss the long-term scientific vision for this new field.

  • Network Science and Engineering

    October 2008

    Under the auspices of the Network Science and Engineering (NetSE) Council, a small, invitation-only meeting was held in August 2008 just before ACM SIGCOMM in Seattle. Invitees included those with long standing involvement in NetSE and the predecessor GENI effort; those with interest and partial prior involvement; and representatives from NSF and the GENI Project Office.

  • Enabling Evidence-Based Healthcare

    September 2010

    Nearly 2500 years ago, Hippocrates kicked off a revolution in healthcare by calling for the careful collection and recording of evidence about patients and their illnesses. This call which first introduced the goal of sharing data among physicians to provide the best care possible for patients established a foundation for the evolution of modern healthcare. Although 25 centuries have passed since Hippocrates’ call, we have not yet attained the dream of true evidence based healthcare. Large quantities of data about wellness and illness continue to be dropped on the floor, rather than collected and harnessed to optimize the provision of care. We are simply not yet doing the best that we can.

  • Theoretical Computer Science

    May 2010

    In Spring 2008, the Computing Community Consortium (CCC) provided funding for a visioning workshop by the Theoretical Computer Science community at the University of Washington on May 17, 2008 (the day before STOC 2008), as well as follow-up efforts. The purpose of this report is to describe the status and impact of those efforts. The main outcome has been the “vision nuggets” that are available for use by the CCC and others.

  • Information Technology Research Challenges for Healthcare - From Discovery to Delivery

    May 2010

    Wellness and healthcare are central to the lives of all people, young or old, healthy or ill, rich or poor. The use of information technology is already contributing in significant ways to enhancing healthcare delivery and to improving the quality of life. However, deployments of information technology have only scratched the surface of possibilities for the potential influence of computer and information science and engineering on the quality and cost-effectiveness of healthcare. New computing and behavioral research can lead to transformative changes in the cost-effective delivery of quality and personalized healthcare. And beyond the daily practice of healthcare and wellbeing, basic information technology research can provide the foundations for new directions in the clinical sciences via tools and analyses that identify subtle but import.

  • Robotics

    March 2009

    Robots are programmable physical machines that have sensors and actuators, and are given goals for what they should achieve in the world. Perception algorithms process the sensor inputs, a control program decides how the robot should behave given its goals and current circumstances, and commands are sent to the motors to make the robot act in the world. Some robots are mobile, but others are rooted to a fixed location.