Past Task Forces

This page contains resources from previous years’ CCC task forces. The CCC task forces are made up of CCC Council members and influential members of the computing community and are organized around relevant national priorities. Some task forces exist continuously, while others only run for a limited time. To see the current task forces, visit here.

Industry

The Industry Task Force operated from 2015-2016.

Task Force Overview: We need to better understand the computer science research ecosystem in industry and see if more can be done for the entire research community. How can academia engage industry and vice versa?

Public materials produced and curated for this task force include:

Additional information on these materials can be found below.

Industry and Academia Survey

In spring 2015, the Computing Research Association (CRA) and the Computing Community Consortium (CCC) released two short surveys, one for the academic community and the other for industry, to learn about academic-industry interactions. The purpose was to provide a picture of the types of interactions currently taking place, and to identify common barriers to those interactions. In addition, the CRA and CCC were looking for feedback on ways that they could strengthen the relationship between the two.

Industry Roundtable

The CCC also held a community roundtable in the summer of 2015 to start the discussion between academia and industry and explore questions such as:

  • Where is the computing field going over the next 10-15 years?
  • What are potential opportunities, disruptive trends, and blind spots?
  • Are there new questions and directions that deserve greater attention by the research community and new investments in computing research?
  • What are the implications for teaching, training of students?
  • What is the role of industry in facilitating or supporting computing research?
  • We are at a crossroads where more PhD graduating students (and even some faculty) are going to work in industry rather than in academic jobs.  What are the implications for the future of the field?

Thirty individuals, mostly from industry but a few from academia, gathered in California for one day to discuss these questions. The introduction slides from the roundtable event can be found here.

A white paper about the roundtable and the academia and industry has been released. Read the white paper here.

Education

The Education Task Force operated from 2014-2016.

Task Force Overview: Education is a National Priority. We need to determine what the CCC / CS research community can and should be doing to work in this area, while realizing that it is a crowded and difficult space since education is a “local issue.”

Public materials produced and curated for this task force include:

Additional information on these materials can be found below.

Education Research Whitepaper

The task force has produced a whitepaper for the computing research and policy community on The Importance of Computing Education Research.

Computer-Aided Personalized Education

On November 12-13, the CCC with be holding the Computer-Aided Personalized Education (CAPE) Workshop in Washington, DC. The goal of this workshop is to bring together researchers developing educational tools based on technologies such as logical reasoning and machine learning with researchers in education, human-computer interaction, and psychology to articulate a long-term research agenda. The focus will be on college-level courses in computer science, mathematics, and physics. The workshop is expected to foster new collaborations among participants from diverse disciplines, suggest new research directions in computer-aided education, inspire other researchers to work on these problems, and ultimately result in technology for effective and personalized learning.

Multidisciplinary Research for Online Education Workshop

February 11-12, 2013 in Washington, DC, the CCC held the Multidisciplinary Research for Online Education Workshop (MROE). Participants explored computer science and multidisciplinary research agendas designed to improve formal and informal education. The workshop built on CCC’s earlier visioning activities on Global Resources for Online Education (GROE), addressing education-relevant research in areas such as intelligent student modeling through data mining, mobile computing for data logging, social networking, serious games, intelligent learning environments, HCI to facilitate educational interactions, computer-supported collaborative learning, interactive visualizations and simulations, and many other areas, to include research at the interface of computing and the social/behavioral sciences.

This CCC visioning workshop addressed these and related questions on computing-relevant multidisciplinary research, looking 5-10 years out, for online education. Importantly, the workshop did not address shorter-term concerns such as credentialing and business models for online education ventures, except as these inform the workshop’s focus on longer-term research agendas.

Read the Workshop Report here.

See Related Resources Below

Related Resources 

A Roadmap for Education Technology

Enhancing Teaching and Learning Through Educational Data Mining and Learning Analytics: An Issue Brief

Computing in the Physical World

The Computing in the Physical World Task Force operated from 2015-2017.

Task Force Overview: There is a lot of activity going on in the Internet of Things area.  The goal of this task force is to focus on the core research challenges, highlight what they are and that new research is needed, and communicate the value of leveraging the research community to solve them.

Internet of Things White Papers

From Kevin Fu’s presentation at the Information Security and Privacy Advisory Board Meeting, October 22, 2015

AAAS 2017 Meeting panels:

CCC Response to NITRD “Smart Cities and Communities Federal Strategic Plan: Exploring Innovation Together”

Related Resources

Below is a list of initiatives, documents, and web sites related to the topics in the Internet of Things white paper.

Robust and Secure Systems

Smart Cities

Related announcements/papers/videos:

Related Activities

Convergence of Data and Computing

The Convergence of Data and Computing Task Force operated from 2015-2017.

Task Force Overview: The CCC task force on the Convergence of Data and Computing lead activities at the intersections of Big Data, High Performance Computing, and the future of HPC.

Public materials produced and curated for this task force include:

The CCC task force on the Convergence of Data and Computing leads activities at the intersections of Big Data, High Performance Computing, and the future of HPC.

Big Data has been a major theme of CCC’s over the years. In 2008, the CCC held two events for Big Data that coalesced the research community and the usage community. A number of CCC’s white papers focused on the topic. These have been credited by the Office of Science Technology Policy (OSTP) with helping to shape the Federal Big Data Initiative. The CCC also partnered with AAAI for the 2016 Symposium on Accelerating Science: A Grand Challenge for AI.

On the other hand, computing challenges have been discussed in CCC and National Academy works, such as 21st Century Computer Architecture in 2012 and The Future of Computing Performance: Game Over or Next Level? in 2011.

Data and Computing White Papers

  • Opportunities and Challenges for Next Generation Computing 
    • Discusses potential opportunities enabled by radical increases in computing performance with decreased power, and which suggests some possible pathways to achieve these ends.  With increased performance and decreased power, computing could have major impacts on societal issues such as new search engines for science, better understanding of human-in-the-loop systems, monitoring and anticipating of extreme weather conditions, and understanding quantum effects in materials and chemistry.
  • Accelerating Science: A Computing Research Agenda
    • Seeks to articulate a research agenda for developing cognitive tools that can augment human intellect and partner with humans on the scientific process.

Related Workshops

  • Symposium on Accelerating Science: A Grand Challenge for AI: In November 2016, the CCC co-sponsored a AAAI Symposium that brought together researchers in relevant areas of artificial intelligence (e.g., machine learning, causal inference, knowledge representation and inference, planning, decision making, human computer interaction, distributed problem solving, natural language processing, multi-agent systems, semantic web, information integration, scientific workflows), high performance data and computing infrastructures and services, and selected application areas (e.g., life sciences, learning sciences, health sciences, social sciences, food energy and water nexus) to discuss progress on, and articulate a research agenda aimed at addressing, the AI grand challenge of accelerating science. A workshop report is in progress.
Healthcare

The Healthcare Task Force operated from 2015-2017.

Task Force Overview: The CCC task force on Healthcare organized and produced activities and content on the challenges and opportunities of computing in the field of healthcare.

Public materials produced and curated for this task force include:

The CCC’s HealthIT workshops include:

CCC at AAAS 2017- Health Related Press Links

This workshop will be held in Washington, DC on Monday and Tuesday, December 5th and December 6th. The workshop will bring together leading researchers and policymakers to generate a white paper on the successes of Smart and Pervasive Health research activities, the evolution of relevant computing capabilities (sensing, advanced analytics, networks, data infrastructure, advanced imaging, cyber-physical systems in health, privacy and security of health data and systems), the application of these technical innovations across a range of wellness and healthcare needs (aging, disabilities, chronic disease management and prevention, prosthetics and rehabilitation) and emerging paradigms (e.g., precision medicine and personalized treatment).

Read the Discovery and Innovation in Smart and Pervasive Health draft executive summary here.

Cyber-Social Learning Systems

Over the last decade, we have made great progress establishing scientific and engineering principles for cyber-physical systems (CPS). We are thus now on the threshold of a world of physical systems that are computational and connected at all scales, yielding radical improvements in function and performance.

The next major frontier in research and development is the integration of cyber-physical with complex human and social systems and phenomena at scale. Progress will catalyze the transformation of major existing systems into cyber-social learning systems (CSLS) that continually and rapidly improve in their function and performance in complex, evolving environments. Progress in the science and application of CSLS theory, technology, and practice has the potential to drive revolutionary advances across all sectors of our society, including health, healthcare, transportation, education, housing, justice, defense, and more.

The CCC will convene three workshops in order to develop and validate the propositions that there is a compelling opportunity and need for basic and applied research in cyber-social learning systems; there are communities that can be formed now to conduct this research; and success would enable dramatic improvements in the function and performance of the systems of the future on which our society will rely.

Inclusive Access

September 24-25, 2015 the CCC held the Promoting Strategic Research on Inclusive Access to Rich Online Content and Services  workshop in Washington, DC.

The workshop addressed challenges and opportunities surrounding access to online content and services, including rich, non-text content and brought together researchers and stakeholders from the disability community together with researchers from relevant areas of computing research (such as computer vision, or natural language processing) to identify strategic opportunities to solve pervasive accessibility challenges through computing.

BRAIN

On April 2, 2013, President Obama launched the Brain Research though Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative as a bold new research effort to revolutionize our understanding of the human mind and uncover new ways to treat, prevent, and cure brain disorders. The initiative is a joint program with funding through the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the National Science Foundation (NSF).

December 3-5, 2014 in Washington, DC, the CCC, in conjunction with the NSF held the BRAIN workshop to bring together these two communities to further explore the Interfaces between Brain Science and Computer Science.

Click here for the workshop program PDF and here for a Youtube playlist from the workshop.

Aging In Place

The Aging in Place workshop took place September 10-11, 2014 at the National Institute of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland and brought together a group of interdisciplinary experts to assess the state of the science at the human, medical, and technology levels, and articulate a research vision for a systems engineering approach to the development of technologies and solutions to support the home management of persons with significant chronic diseases and their family care providers.
 
Workshop participants agreed that there is a need for a new generation of research that addresses the complexity of supporting the quality of life and independence of a vast, diverse, and aging population. The workshop report charts a course for the research agenda needed to advance technologies that will allow seniors to age in place. It identifies a set of barriers that must be addressed in order to make actionable progress to meeting the needs of our aging population through innovations in home health technologies:
  • The need to better understand the target users
  • The need for actionable evidence
  • The need for information dissemination that bridges the gap between research and practice
  • The need for effective trans-disciplinary collaboration
  • The need for far-reaching test beds
  • The need for patient access to actionable technologies

See the full workshop report for more information.

Below is a list of related resources

Related Resources 

Quality of Life Technologies in Supporting Family Caregivers by Czaja et al.

Intelligent Systems for Assessing Aging Changes: Home-Based, Unobtrusive, and Continuous Assessment of Aging by Kaye et al.

Wireless Sensor Networks for Healthcare by Ko et al.

Sensor Technology to support Aging in Place by Rantz et al.

Generation Smart-phone by Dan Siewiorek

Computing and Healthcare: New Opportunities and Directions

October 11-12, 2012 in Bethesda, MD, the CCC held the Computing and Healthcare: New Opportunities and Directions. The goal of this workshop was to  bring together these diverse communities in order to foster learning, discussion, and, ultimately, collaboration among them.

Read the workshop report here and the white paper here.

Discovery and Innovation in Health IT

October 29-30, 2009 in San Francisco, the CCC held the Discovery and Innovation in Health IT workshop. The workshop was sponsored by the National Science Foundation, the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology , the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National Library of Medicine, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the Computing Community Consortium, and the American  Medical Informatics Association.

The goals of the workshop were to:

  • Explore and define fundamental research challenges and opportunities in healthcare IT in both the near- and long- term;
  • Explore and define fundamental research challenges and opportunities in healthcare IT in both the near- and long- term;
  • Identify a range of “model” proof-of-concept, integrative systems that might serve as motivating and unifying forces to drive fundamental research in healthcare IT and that might accelerate the transition of research outcomes into products and services;

Read the white paper produced from the workshop here and watch the Youtube playlist from the workshop here.

Artificial Intelligence

The Artificial Intelligence Task force operated from 2016-2018.

Task Force Overview: Dramatic advances in the power and practicality of Artificial Intelligence (AI) have broad us to a point where the potential impact of AI on society and economy are far-reaching and profound. Yet, we are just at beginnings of understanding the possibilities for AI-related technologies, and at the same time are struggling to understand and advance beyond the substantial limitations of current state-of-the art systems.

The role of this task force was to provide a mechanism for articulating both the state of the art and technical limitations of AI, to help develop forward-looking research agendas for the field, and to better understand the potential of AI to provide tremendous social good in the future, including but not limited to urban computing, health, environmental sustainability, and public welfare. For new CCC resources in AI, visit the Artificial Intelligence Working Group page.

CCC materials produced and curated for this task force include:

Science and Policy Materials on AI:

NITRD –  In October 2016, the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program released the The National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan which identifies the strategies and priorities for Federally-funded AI research.

OSTP – In October 2016,the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) published the Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence report, which “surveys the current state of AI, its existing and potential applications, and the questions that are raised for society and public policy by progress in AI. The report also makes recommendations for specific further actions by Federal agencies and other actors.”

White House OSTP Request for Information (RFI) for AI – In June 2016, OSTP announced a new Request for Information (RFI) on Artificial Intelligence (AI), to solicit feedback on how the United States can best prepare for the future of AI. According to the OSTP Blog, they “received 161 responses from a range of stakeholders, including individuals, academics and researchers, non-profit organizations, and industry.” All of the responses are now public and can be found here. The CCC’s response can be found here.

AI-related Events:

OSTP Workshop Series – In May, 2016 OSTP announced four workshops (later a fifth was added) surrounding the future of artificial intelligence to explore the opportunities and challenges that AI presents.

  • Artificial Intelligence for Social Good – The CCC co-hosted the second OSTP AI Workshop, Artificial Intelligence for Social Goodwith OSTP and AAAI. In this workshop, we discussed the successful deployments and the potential use of AI in various topics that are essential for social good, including but not limited to urban computing, health, environmental sustainability, and public welfare. You can learn more about the workshop here.
  • Artificial Intelligence: Law and PolicyThe first workshop in the series was co-hosted by the University of Washington School of Law, the White House, and UW’s Tech Policy Lab, “the event places leading artificial intelligence experts from academia and industry in conversation with government officials interested in developing a wise and effective policy framework for this increasingly important technology.”
  • The Future of Artificial Intelligence – The third workshop, co-hosted by Stanford University and OSTP, featured “leading artificial intelligence (AI) researchers will discuss the most impactful research topics in AI and highlight the challenges and potentials of artificial intelligence.”
  • Workshop on Safety and Control for Artificial Intelligence – The fourth workshop was co-hosted by Carnegie Mellon University and OSTP and included “keynote talks and panel discussions that explore the potential future of AI and AI applications, the emerging technical means for constructing safe and secure systems, how safety might be assured, and how we can make progress on the challenges of safety and control for AI.”
  • The Social and Economic Implications of Artificial Intelligence Technologies in the Near-Term – The fifth workshop in the series was co-hosted by the NYU Information Law Institute and the White House generated “a foundational discussion about the role of AI in social and economic systems.”

One Hundred Year Study on AI – “The One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence, or AI100, is a 100-year effort to study and anticipate how the effects of artificial intelligence will ripple through every aspect of how people work, live and play” and is the brainchild of task force co-chair Eric Horvitz. Learn more about the One Hundred Year Study here and view the 2016 report here.

AAAI Symposium on AI for Social Good – In 2016, the CCC co-sponsored a workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Social Good with AAAI and OSTP. In order to further the discussion of the benefits of AI to society, the CCC will co-sponsor the AAAI 2017 Spring Symposium on AI for Social Good at Stanford University, March 27-29. This symposium will focus on the promise of AI across multiple sectors of society. Learn more about the Symposium here.

Symposium on Accelerating Science: A Grand Challenge for AI – In November 2016, the CCC co-sponsored a AAAI Symposium that brought together researchers in relevant areas of artificial intelligence (e.g., machine learning, causal inference, knowledge representation and inference, planning, decision making, human computer interaction, distributed problem solving, natural language processing, multi-agent systems, semantic web, information integration, scientific workflows), high performance data and computing infrastructures and services, and selected application areas (e.g., life sciences, learning sciences, health sciences, social sciences, food energy and water nexus) to discuss progress on, and articulate a research agenda aimed at addressing, the AI grand challenge of accelerating science. A workshop report is in progress.

Other Resources:

Partnership on AI – In September, 2016 Amazon, DeepMind/Google, Facebook, IBM, and Microsoft “announced that they will create a non-profit organization that will work to advance public understanding of artificial intelligence technologies (AI) and formulate best practices on the challenges and opportunities within the field. Academics, non-profits, and specialists in policy and ethics will be invited to join the Board of the organization, named the Partnership on Artificial Intelligence to Benefit People and Society (Partnership on AI).” You can read the full press release here.

2016 Robotics Roadmap – In 2009, the CCC released A Roadmap for US Robotics, From Internet to Robotics (Robotics Roadmap). The Robotics Roadmap explored the capacity of robotics to act as a key economic enabler, specifically in the areas of manufacturing, healthcare, and in the service industry, 5, 10, and 15 years into the future and was influential in developing 2011’s National Robotics Initiative (NRI). An updated version of the Robotics Roadmap was released in November, 2016 and it expands on the topics discussed in the 2009 roadmap as well as addressing the areas of public safety, earth science, and workforce develop. You can read the full 2016 roadmap here.

Press Articles and Thought Pieces:

The Terminator and the Washing Machine, New York Times

Three Ways Artificial Intelligence is Helping to Save the WorldErin Biba, Freelance Science Journalist

The Terminator and the Washing Machine, New York Times Video on the limitations of AI

Machine Learning and the Profession of Medicine, The Journal of the American Medical Association

Protecting Humans and Jobs From Robots Is 5 Tech Giants’ Goal, New York Times

How the Scary Potential of AI Brought Tech Competitors Together, Mashable

Tech Giants’ Partnership To Explore Ethics, Societal Impacts of AI, Xconomy

Post Moore’s Law Computing

The Post Moore’s Law Computing Task force operated from 2017-2018.

Task Force Overview: The Post Moore’s Law Computing task force leads activities to address the future of computing as we reach the limit of Moore’s Law – the observable trend that the number of transistors per square inch on integrated circuits had doubled every year since their invention, leading to advancements in digital electronics. In order to move past the era of Moore’s law, new computational tools and systems must be develop

Resources curated for this task force include:

Workshops related to this task force include:

Cybersecurity

The Cybersecurity Task force operated from 2017-2018.

Task Force Overview: This task force aimed to shed light on cybersecurity research and best practices, with a focus on cyber-physical systems and the Internet of Things in an increasingly connected world.

Resources curated for this task force include:

Internet of Things White Papers

Robust and Secure Systems

Related announcements/papers/videos:

Related Activities

Human Technology Frontier

The Human Technology Frontier Task Force operated from 2017-2018.

Task Force Overview: The Human Technology Frontier task force focuses on the role of technology to augmenting human performance, including but not limited to, in the workplace, in the classroom, and to improve health outcomes.

Resources curated for this task force include:

Artificial Intelligence and Big Data Resources

Health IT Resources

Workforce Development and Education Resources
Privacy and Fairness

The Privacy and Fairness Task Force operated from 2015-2018.

Task Force Overview: This task force focused on the domains of privacy and fairness in an interconnected and big-data driven world. The Fairness and Accountability task force continues to focus on a similar area of computer science. Resources curated for this task force include:

This task force addresses the important domains of fairness and accountability in an interconnected and big-data driven world. Public materials produced and curated for this task force include:

The CCC’s Privacy-related workshops include:

Towards a Privacy Research Roadmap for the Computing Community

In early 2015, the CCC commissioned members of the privacy research community to generate a short report to help guide strategic thinking in this space. The effort aimed to complement and synthesize other recent documents, including the White House BIG DATA: Seizing Opportunities, Preserving Values Report and the Report to the President on Big Data and Privacy: A Technological Perspective. In May, the CCC released the resultant community report, Towards a Privacy Research Roadmap for the Computing Community.

The editors of the paper describe a research agenda that seeks to lead the community to a state where:

  • We have a rigorous science of privacy that applies across different application domains;
  • We understand the needs, expectations, and incentives of the humans who use information systems, and can design systems that are sensitive to them;
  • Privacy technology research and privacy policy objectives are informed by and aligned with each other; and
  • We can engineer systems that enable us to enjoy both privacy and the benefits of data use to the maximum extent possible, showing that the tradeoff between the two can be much less stark than our current approaches offer

To reach this state, the editors believe that the research strategy needs to:

  • Emphasize understanding, defining, and measuring the privacy of information systems
  • Recognize and support the many stages and dimensions of privacy research
  • Enable interdisciplinary research strategies
  • Foster a technology-policy dialogue

Privacy by Design Workshops

The CCC also launched a series of four Privacy by Design workshops in 2015. The workshops are aimed at identifying a shared research vision to support the practice of privacy-by-design. They convene both practitioners with direct experience of the challenges in implementing privacy-by-design from a range of fields—software developers, privacy engineers, usability and interaction designers, chief privacy officers—and researchers from an equally broad range of disciplines.

Privacy by Design- State of Research and Practice
February 5-6, 2015

Regulators, academics and industry have called for privacy-by-design as a way to address growing privacy concerns with rapidly developing technology. The public and private sector are responding — hiring privacy engineers to join the ranks of privacy-oriented professionals, often working under the guidance of a chief privacy officer. Yet, implementing concepts of privacy through design is an open challenge and research area. There is a limited, disparate, and fragmented body of research affirmatively positioned as privacy-by-design.

Workshop Report

Privacy by Design- Privacy Enabling Design
May 7-8, 2015

This workshop covered the latest research results in user interface design, usability and human factors including studies of user behavior and recent findings in privacy displays, nudging, privacy preference modeling, to name a few. While regulators attempt to drive privacy-by-design, there is little evidence that the class of professionals who consider themselves designers are engaged in the conversation.

Workshop Report

Privacy by Design- Engineering Privacy
August 31-September 1, 2015

This workshop will survey emerging challenges in engineering privacy from applications of cryptographic protocols and privacy-preserving databases, to formal notations and programming languages in identity management, de-identification, and software specification. This survey will review known challenges, such as understanding privacy policies (e.g., privacy laws in regulated sectors like healthcare and finance; privacy promises in self-regulated sectors like Web services) in computational terms so that tools can be developed to help with their enforcement. The workshop will raise awareness of how well these results address the concepts and open problems identified in workshop #2, as well as serve to identify open research questions.

Workshop Report

Privacy by Design- Catalyzing Privacy by Design
January 6-8, 2015

This workshop reviewed the lessons from workshops #1-3 and examine how existing regulatory models, along with other factors, shape organizations’ understanding of privacy problems, approaches, and solutions. Building on workshop-generated insights on the strengths and limitations of current approaches—in terms of concepts, incentives, actors—the workshop considered how well regulatory models respond to privacy-by-design challenges, and identify open research questions. A goal of the overall project was to broaden the lens through which privacy-by-design is viewed by the research community—positioning technical design along side theoretical/conceptual, organizational, and regulatory design questions. Thus, gaining some understanding of the forces that drive the choice of methods, tools, and approaches is a core goal of engagement with industrial innovators. Building on insights from earlier workshops we identified open research questions about the relationship between regulatory form and other external and internal features of the privacy field, and the expression of privacy in firm practice.