AI and Robotics Task Force
Chairs: Greg Hager and Eric Horvitz
Dramatic advances in the power and practicality of Artificial Intelligence (AI) have broad us to a point where the potential impact of AI on society and economy are far-reaching and profound. Yet, we are just at beginnings of understanding the possibilities for AI-related technologies, and at the same time are struggling to understand and advance beyond the substantial limitations of current state-of-the art systems.
The role of this task force is to provide a mechanism for articulating both the state of the art and technical limitations of AI, to help develop forward-looking research agendas for the field, and to better understand the potential of AI to provide tremendous social good in the future, including but not limited to urban computing, health, environmental sustainability, and public welfare.
CCC materials produced and curated for this task force include:
- Advances in Artificial Intelligence Require Progress Across all of Computer Science white paper
- Videos from the Artificial Intelligence for Social Good workshop
- Next Generation Robotics white paper
- Robotics white paper
- CCC Blog post, “Thoughts from White House Frontier’s Conference and the National AI R&D Strategic Plan“
- CCC Blog post, “White House OSTP Report- Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence“
- CCC Blog post, “World’s Largest Technology Companies Create Historic Partnership on AI“
- CCC Blog post, “One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence“
- CCC Blog post, “Artificial Intelligence for Social Good“
Science and Policy Materials on AI:
NITRD – In October 2016, the Networking and Information Technology Research and Development (NITRD) Program released the The National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan which identifies the strategies and priorities for Federally-funded AI research.
OSTP – In October 2016,the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) published the Preparing for the Future of Artificial Intelligence report, which “surveys the current state of AI, its existing and potential applications, and the questions that are raised for society and public policy by progress in AI. The report also makes recommendations for specific further actions by Federal agencies and other actors.”
White House OSTP Request for Information (RFI) for AI – In June 2016, OSTP announced a new Request for Information (RFI) on Artificial Intelligence (AI), to solicit feedback on how the United States can best prepare for the future of AI. According to the OSTP Blog, they “received 161 responses from a range of stakeholders, including individuals, academics and researchers, non-profit organizations, and industry.” All of the responses are now public and can be found here. The CCC’s response can be found here.
OSTP Workshop Series – In May, 2016 OSTP announced four workshops (later a fifth was added) surrounding the future of artificial intelligence to explore the opportunities and challenges that AI presents.
- Artificial Intelligence for Social Good – The CCC co-hosted the second OSTP AI Workshop, Artificial Intelligence for Social Good, with OSTP and AAAI. In this workshop, we discussed the successful deployments and the potential use of AI in various topics that are essential for social good, including but not limited to urban computing, health, environmental sustainability, and public welfare. You can learn more about the workshop here.
- Artificial Intelligence: Law and Policy – The first workshop in the series was co-hosted by the University of Washington School of Law, the White House, and UW’s Tech Policy Lab, “the event places leading artificial intelligence experts from academia and industry in conversation with government officials interested in developing a wise and effective policy framework for this increasingly important technology.”
- The Future of Artificial Intelligence – The third workshop, co-hosted by Stanford University and OSTP, featured “leading artificial intelligence (AI) researchers will discuss the most impactful research topics in AI and highlight the challenges and potentials of artificial intelligence.”
- Workshop on Safety and Control for Artificial Intelligence – The fourth workshop was co-hosted by Carnegie Mellon University and OSTP and included “keynote talks and panel discussions that explore the potential future of AI and AI applications, the emerging technical means for constructing safe and secure systems, how safety might be assured, and how we can make progress on the challenges of safety and control for AI.”
- The Social and Economic Implications of Artificial Intelligence Technologies in the Near-Term – The fifth workshop in the series was co-hosted by the NYU Information Law Institute and the White House generated “a foundational discussion about the role of AI in social and economic systems.”
One Hundred Year Study on AI – “The One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence, or AI100, is a 100-year effort to study and anticipate how the effects of artificial intelligence will ripple through every aspect of how people work, live and play” and is the brainchild of task force co-chair Eric Horvitz. Learn more about the One Hundred Year Study here and view the 2016 report here.
AAAI Symposium on AI for Social Good – In 2016, the CCC co-sponsored a workshop on Artificial Intelligence for Social Good with AAAI and OSTP. In order to further the discussion of the benefits of AI to society, the CCC will co-sponsor the AAAI 2017 Spring Symposium on AI for Social Good at Stanford University, March 27-29. This symposium will focus on the promise of AI across multiple sectors of society. Learn more about the Symposium here.
Partnership on AI – In September, 2016 Amazon, DeepMind/Google, Facebook, IBM, and Microsoft “announced that they will create a non-profit organization that will work to advance public understanding of artificial intelligence technologies (AI) and formulate best practices on the challenges and opportunities within the field. Academics, non-profits, and specialists in policy and ethics will be invited to join the Board of the organization, named the Partnership on Artificial Intelligence to Benefit People and Society (Partnership on AI).” You can read the full press release here.
2016 Robotics Roadmap – In 2009, the CCC released A Roadmap for US Robotics, From Internet to Robotics (Robotics Roadmap). The Robotics Roadmap explored the capacity of robotics to act as a key economic enabler, specifically in the areas of manufacturing, healthcare, and in the service industry, 5, 10, and 15 years into the future and was influential in developing 2011’s National Robotics Initiative (NRI). An updated version of the Robotics Roadmap was released in November, 2016 and it expands on the topics discussed in the 2009 roadmap as well as addressing the areas of public safety, earth science, and workforce develop. You can read the full 2016 roadmap here.
Press Articles and Thought Pieces:
The Terminator and the Washing Machine, New York Times
Three Ways Artificial Intelligence is Helping to Save the World, Erin Biba, Freelance Science Journalist
The Terminator and the Washing Machine, New York Times Video on the limitations of AI
Machine Learning and the Profession of Medicine, The Journal of the American Medical Association
Protecting Humans and Jobs From Robots Is 5 Tech Giants’ Goal, New York Times